Verbs are a part of speech. They are one of the two most important parts of a sentence.
Without them, the sentence is not a sentence, but is, instead, only a sentence fragment.
You probably think of action:
Action. The action is the easiest to recognize.
Each of the examples above contains the subject of the sentence and the action – the two necessary parts of any sentence.
The subject of the sentence is generally a noun – but it might be a pronoun (which is a word that represents a noun). More on pronouns later.
The action is necessary to the sentence.
Two types. This part of speech can be of two types –
When you mention this part of speech, you generally add the pronoun “to” in front of
it – and that form – “to be” – is known as the infinitive.)
Other “infinitives” would be:
See the action below:
Subject of the sentence
The form of the "action" can change depending on the subject in the sentence.
Learning to adjust to the change in subjects is one of the difficult parts of learning a new language – learning what form of the verb goes with the subject.
People who come to our English language with another language as their first language can find it difficult to adjust.
We must be accepting – and you will be all the more accepting if you have ever been challenged to learn a new language yourself!
When we change the subject, we change the verb – and that is known as “conjugating” the verb.
To be able to "conjugate" a verb, you must understand the "person."
Subjects can be of three different "persons":
FIRST person - there is only one person, the speaker - (I, we)
SECOND person - there are two people - the speaker and YOU - and "you" are the second person
THIRD PERSON - speaking of a third person or persons - very simple (he, she, it, they).
"Conjugating the verb" requires that we run through all the forms of the verb used with these subjects.
|He, she, it||They|
Using the action verbs above as examples, here they are "conjugated":
|I sing||We sing|
|You sing||You sing|
|He sings||They sing|
|She sings||They sing|
|It sings||They sing|
You can see that the change is mainly with the THIRD person singular.
|I run||We run|
|You run||You run|
|He runs||They run|
|She runs||They run|
|It runs||They sing|
|I dance||We dance|
|You dance||You dance|
|He sings||They sing|
|She dances||They dance|
|It dances||They dance|
The verb changes somewhat with each change in “person” as you see above.
Learning verbs requires that you understand the “person.”
Some verbs are not quite as consistent as what you see in the tables above. The above are all "regular" verbs, and they are quite easy to conjugate.
It is the irregular verbs that cause some challenge.
of the most common irregular verbs is "to be." Not only is it
irregular, but it is also a "being" verb. There is no action implied by
this verb, but it is still a necessary part of the sentence.
Here is "to be" conjugated below:
|I am||We are|
|You are||You are|
|He is||They are|
|She is||They are|
|It is||They are|
On this page, you have been introduced to a few special ideas and terms:
All of the examples on this page have been in present tense. To learn more about tenses, click here (coming soon).