Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

When writing and understanding English grammar, it is essential to understand the various parts that make up your sentences.

  • Each word you write has a specific function in the sentence. 
  • If you use the words properly and accurately, you can write well and effectively.

If you understand how to use your words properly and accurately, then your sentences will make sense, and you will be writing well and effectively.

Here are a few of the parts of speech that you should be familiar with.  Click the links below to read more about each one.  A summary of each follows at the bottom of this posting.

This posting mentions each of these "building blocks" briefly.  A more comprehensive page on each of the above parts of speech is available.  Simply click the links above to read more about each one.

Parts of Speech





A clause    

  • A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. 
  • It may be able to stand alone (independent clause or sentence).
  • It may require another clause to “lean on.”  In this case, the clause is called a dependent clause.
  • Click this link to read more about clauses.

A llittle fun as a change of pace!

A phrase 

If the group of words has a subject and verb, it will be called a clause.



  • The name itself means “joining with.” 

A conjunction is a word that joins other groups of words.   There are two types of conjunctions. Remember when you use a conjunction that you need something for the conjunction to join with.


  • Participles are parts of verbs

The participle can be either present tense (present participles) or past tense (past participles). 

The participle, however, is used as an adjective more than an actual verb.  The meaning is that of a verb in the description.  Click this link for more information.


  • Gerunds are also parts of verbs

Gerunds are used more as nouns than as actual verbs.  The meaning, however, is that of a verb in the description.  A very interesting part of speech.  Click this link for more information.


  • Prepositions are words that are positioned before a noun or pronoun to show a relationship. 

Generally, prepositions begin a phrase:  into the car  OR  behind the house  OR  above the garage

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