Footnotes and Bibliography

Preparing footnotes can be daunting.  However, here are some examples that you may wish to follow.


Footnotes at the bottom of the appropriate page

At the bottom of the appropriate page:


A book with an author evident

For a book with author.

  • Indent the footnote and use the superscript number.
  • Place the name of the author, first and last names.  Add a comma. 
  • The title of the book.  Underline it.  No punctuation after.
  • Then, in parentheses.  The city of publication followed by a colon.  Then the name of the publisher, followed by a comma.  Then, the year of publication followed by the end parenthesis.
  • Add a comma. 
  • Add the page number (with only the number, not the word page.)
  • End with a period

 

An article with no author evident

For an article from a magazine with no author.

  • Begin with double quotation marks and the name of the article.  Add a comma and then the end double quotation marks
  • The name of the magazine underlined
  • The date (month and year) in parentheses and place a comma after
  • Then the page number (with only the number)
  •  Finally, a period.

 

An article with an author evident

For an article from a newspaper/magazine with an author.

  • Begin with the name of the author, first and last names.  Add a comma.
  • The name of the article beginning with a double quotation mark.
  • Add a comma and then the end double quotation marks
  • The name of the newspaper, underlined – no punctuation after
  • The date in parentheses.  Add a comma after the end parenthesis.
  • Then the page number.  End with a period.

 



Bibliography or Works Cited

For the Bibliography or Works Cited

Use a hanging indent style.  The first line begins at the margin.  The second and subsequent lines of the entry are indented 5 spaces or ½ inches.

All entries will be listed in alphabetical order by last name of the author.


For the newspaper article

For the newspaper article

  • Begin with the name of the author, last name first.  Then a comma.  Then the first name.  Add a period. 
  • Name of the article with double quotation marks around.  Add a period before the last double quotation marks.
  • Name of the newspaper underlined – no punctuation following.
  • Date surrounded by parentheses and then a comma.
  • Section and then the period.


For the book with an author evident

For the book with the author

  • Begin with the name of the author, last name first.  Then a comma.  Then the first name.  Add a period.
  • Name of the book underlined.  Add a period.
  • Name of the city followed by a colon.
  • Name of the publisher followed by a comma
  • Year of publication.  End with a period.


For the book without an author evident

For an article without author

  • Begin with the article title.  Begin with the double quotation mark.  End the article with a period and then the closing double quotation mark.
  • Name of the magazine, underlines. 
  • Month and year in parentheses, and followed by a comma.
  • Page number ending with a period.

 






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